In addition to Medicare, many Australians also have private health insurance which covers you as a private patient in a private or public hospital. It can also cover services that Medicare does not cover, such as dental services. For some visa types, it may be a requirement of your visa that you have private health insurance.
The Commonwealth Government has introduced an incentive for people to choose private health insurance by providing a 30 per cent rebate on premiums.
For high income earners who do not have private health insurance, there is a Medicare levy of 1.5 per cent of taxable income.
More information can be found at the PrivateHealth.gov.au website.